F. Boem, S. Riverso, G. Ferrari-Trecate, and T. Parisini. Stochastic fault detection in a plug-and-play scenario. Proc. 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control , pages 3137--3142, DOI: 10.1109/CDC.2015.7402689, 2015. Osaka, Japan, December 15-18.
This paper proposes a novel stochastic Fault Detection (FD) approach for the monitoring of Large-Scale Systems (LSSs) in a Plug-and-Play (PnP) dynamic scenario. The proposed architecture considers stochastic bounds on the measurement noises and modeling uncertainties, providing stochastic time-varying FD thresholds with guaranteed false alarms probability levels. The monitored LSS consists of several interconnected subsystems and the designed FD architecture is able to manage plugging-in of novel subsystems and un-plugging of existing ones. Moreover, the proposed PnP approach performs the unplugging of faulty subsystems in order to avoid the propagation of faults in the interconnected LSS. Analogously, once the issue has been solved, the disconnected subsystem can be re-plugged-in. The reconfiguration processes involve only local operations of neighboring subsystems, thus allowing a distributed architecture. A consensus approach is used for the estimation of variables shared among more than one subsystem; a method is proposed to define the time-varying consensus weights in order to allow PnP operations and to minimize at each step the variance of the uncertainty of the FD thresholds. Simulation results on a Power Network System application show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.