S. Riverso, M. Farina, and G. Ferrari-Trecate. Plug-and-play model predictive control based on robust control invariant sets. Technical report, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione, Universita' degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy, 2012. arXiv:1210.6927
In this paper we consider a linear system represented by a coupling graph between subsystems and propose a distributed control scheme capable to guarantee asymptotic stability and satisfaction of constraints on system inputs and states. Most importantly, as in (Riverso et al, 2012) our design procedure enables plug-and-play (PnP) operations, meaning that (i) the addition or removal of subsystems triggers the design of local controllers associated to successors to the subsystem only and (ii) the synthesis of a local controller for a subsystem requires information only from predecessors of the subsystem and it can be performed using only local computational resources. Our method hinges on local tube MPC controllers based on robust control invariant sets and it advances the PnP design procedure proposed in (Riverso et al, 2012) in several directions. Quite notably, using recent results in the computation of robust control invariant sets, we show how critical steps in the design of a local controller can be solved through linear programming. Finally, an application of the proposed control design procedure to frequency control in power networks is presented.