M. Tucci, S. Riverso, J. C. Vasquez, J.M. Guerrero, and G. Ferrari-Trecate. A decentralized scalable approach to voltage control of DC islanded microgrids. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology , 24(6):1965--1979, 2016.
We propose a new decentralized control scheme for DC Islanded microGrids (ImGs) composed by several Distributed Generation Units (DGUs) with a general interconnection topol- ogy. Each local controller regulates to a reference value the voltage of the point of common coupling of the corresponding DGU. Notably, off-line control design is conducted in a plug-and- play fashion meaning that (i) the possibility of adding/removing a DGU without spoiling stability of the overall ImG is checked through an optimization problem; (ii) when a DGU is plugged in or out at most neighboring DGUs have to update their controllers and (iii) the synthesis of a local controller uses only information on the corresponding DGU and lines connected to it. This guarantees total scalability of control synthesis as the ImG size grows or DGUs get replaced. Yet, under mild approximations of line dynamics, we formally guarantee stability of the overall closed-loop ImG. The performance of the proposed controllers is analyzed simulating different scenarios in PSCAD.